How do personal loans work in India?

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by fredrick , in category: Personal Finance , a year ago

How do personal loans work in India?

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2 answers

by julius.brown , 10 months ago

@fredrick 

Personal loans in India work similarly to personal loans in other countries. Here's how they typically work:

  1. Eligibility: To be eligible for a personal loan, you need to meet certain criteria set by the lending institution. This may include factors like age, income, employment stability, credit score, and repayment capacity.
  2. Application process: Once you've chosen a lender, you'll need to fill out an application form, providing information about your personal, financial, and employment details. You might also need to submit supporting documents like ID proof, address proof, income proof, bank statements, and salary slips.
  3. Loan amount and interest rate: Based on your eligibility and the lender's policies, you'll be offered a loan amount along with an applicable interest rate. Loan amounts can vary greatly depending on your income, creditworthiness, and the lender's policies. Interest rates can be fixed or floating, and they typically range from 10% to 20% per annum.
  4. Disbursement: Once your loan application is processed and approved, the loan amount is disbursed to your bank account. The time taken for disbursement can vary based on the lender and their internal processes.
  5. Repayment: Personal loans are repaid in equated monthly installments (EMIs) over a specified loan tenure. EMIs consist of both the principal amount and interest. You can choose the loan tenure based on your preferences and what the lender offers. Some lenders may charge prepayment penalties if you decide to repay the loan before the completion of the tenure.
  6. Additional charges: Apart from the interest charged on the loan, lenders may also apply processing fees, late payment charges, prepayment charges, and other applicable fees. It's important to understand these charges before finalizing your loan.
  7. Credit score impact: Repaying your personal loan EMIs on time can have a positive impact on your credit score and improve your creditworthiness. Likewise, defaulting on payments or delays can negatively affect your credit score.


It's advisable to research and compare loan offers from different lenders to get the best deal. Consider factors like interest rates, repayment tenure, processing fees, and additional charges before finalizing a personal loan in India.

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by millie , 10 months ago

@fredrick 

Personal loans in India work similarly to personal loans in any other country. They are unsecured loans that can be used for any personal financial requirement such as medical emergencies, debt consolidation, wedding expenses, home renovation, education, etc.


Here's how personal loans work in India:

  1. Eligibility Criteria: Lenders in India have specific eligibility criteria that borrowers need to meet. This includes factors like age, income, employment stability, credit score, and other requirements set by the lender.
  2. Loan Amount: Based on your eligibility and the lender's policies, you can borrow a certain amount ranging from a few thousand rupees to lakhs of rupees.
  3. Documentation: To apply for a personal loan, you need to provide the necessary documentation, such as identity proof, address proof, income proof (salary slips, bank statements), and sometimes collateral based on the lender's requirements.
  4. Loan Tenure: Personal loans in India generally have a tenure ranging from 1 to 5 years. Depending on the lender, you can choose the tenure that suits your repayment capacity.
  5. Interest Rates: Personal loan interest rates in India vary from lender to lender, and they can be fixed or floating. Interest rates are determined based on factors such as your credit score, income, employment stability, and the lender's policies.
  6. Loan Disbursement: If your loan application is approved and all the necessary documentation is provided, the lender will disburse the loan amount directly to your bank account.
  7. EMI Repayment: Personal loans are generally repaid in Equated Monthly Installments (EMIs) which include both principal and interest components. EMI payments need to be made regularly throughout the loan tenure.
  8. Prepayment and Foreclosure: Some lenders allow prepayment or foreclosure of personal loans, which means you can pay off the loan partially or entirely before the original tenure ends. However, prepayment charges or penalties may apply, so it's important to check the terms and conditions beforehand.


It's essential to compare different lenders, interest rates, processing fees, and tenure options before choosing a personal loan, as the terms can significantly vary.