The double top pattern is a technical chart pattern used to identify potential reversals in an uptrend. It consists of two consecutive highs (peaks) that are approximately equal, with a trough (low) in between them. Here's how it is used to identify potential reversals:
- Uptrend: The double top pattern occurs after an extended uptrend, where the price has been consistently rising.
- First High: The price reaches a peak, forming the first high in the double top pattern. This high is typically followed by a temporary decline or pullback in the price.
- Trough: After the pullback, the price bounces back up but fails to make a new high. Instead, it forms a trough, often referred to as the neckline or support level.
- Second High: The price rally resumes, reaching similar levels as the first high. However, it fails to break above the previous high and starts declining again.
- Confirmation: The double top pattern is confirmed when the price breaks below the neckline/support level. This indicates a potential trend reversal from an uptrend to a downtrend.
- Price Target: The projected price target for the reversal is usually calculated by measuring the distance from the neckline to the highest peak (first high) and subtracting it from the neckline level.
Traders and investors use the double top pattern to signal that the uptrend is losing momentum and that a potential reversal may be imminent. It provides an opportunity to sell or short-sell the asset, aiming to profit from the subsequent downtrend. However, it is important to remember that patterns are not always 100% accurate, and other technical indicators and analysis should be considered to confirm the potential reversal.