What is the difference between an open blockchain and a closed blockchain?

by elizabeth , in category: Cryptocurrencies , 10 months ago

What is the difference between an open blockchain and a closed blockchain?

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1 answer

by coty.bode , 9 months ago

@elizabeth 

An open blockchain and a closed blockchain differ in terms of their accessibility and participation.

  1. Accessibility:
  • Open blockchain: An open blockchain is accessible to anyone who wants to participate as a user, miner, or validator. Anyone can join the network, verify transactions, and create new blocks.
  • Closed blockchain: A closed blockchain, also known as a private blockchain, is restricted to a specific group of participants. Access to the network is limited and controlled, usually requiring permission or invitation from the network administrators.
  1. Participation:
  • Open blockchain: In an open blockchain, participation is generally decentralized, meaning that no single entity has control over the network. Participants have equal rights to validate transactions and contribute to the consensus mechanism, usually through proof-of-work or proof-of-stake algorithms.
  • Closed blockchain: In a closed blockchain, participation is centralized and controlled by a specific group of participants who are given permission to join the network. Usually, these participants are known entities, such as organizations or individuals with a trust relationship, and they play a role in validating transactions and maintaining the consensus mechanism.
  1. Security and Trust:
  • Open blockchain: Open blockchains provide transparency and security through their decentralized nature. The vast number of participants involved in validating transactions reduces the risk of a single point of failure or malicious attacks. Anyone can inspect the blockchain's history, making it more resilient and trusted.
  • Closed blockchain: Closed blockchains offer a certain level of trust within the known group of participants. As the network is restricted, there is a pre-established level of trust a**** participants, and the consensus mechanisms can be tailored to their specific needs. However, closed blockchains may be less secure when compared to open blockchains due to the limited number of validating nodes and potential concentration of power.


In summary, an open blockchain is accessible to all individuals and operated in a decentralized manner, offering transparency and security to a broad range of participants. On the other hand, a closed blockchain is limited to a specific group with controlled access, providing a higher level of privacy and tailored consensus mechanisms.